Separately, Mr. Trump is expected to undermine a part of President Barack Obama’s signature health care law with an executive order today. And he threatened NBC, the American broadcaster, over a report that he called for a huge buildup of the country’s nuclear arsenal.
Meanwhile, leaders of the House Intelligence Committee said that they planned to make public the thousands of Facebook ads linked to Russia’s campaign to influence American politics.
• “America is more than Trump, there will be America after Trump.”
That was a German foreign policy expert, who is among the signatories of an open letter urging the next government in Berlin — and the parliamentary opposition — to preserve ties with Washington.
They call on Berlin to avoid contentious issues like trade and migration but to work with the Trump administration on security and energy policy. Here’s a full draft version of the text.
Above, the Reichstag, the seat of the lower house of Parliament, in Berlin.
• In California, rising winds risk further fanning the wildfires that have left at least 21 people dead. Many more remain missing.
Some scientists think global warming may have contributed to increased dryness.
• “The perverse, insistent, matter-of-factness of male sexual predation and assault — of men’s power over women.” Our film critic reflected on the pileup of allegations against Harvey Weinstein.
Interviews and internal records of his company suggest that it may have been aware of Mr. Weinstein’s settlements since 2015. The British Academy of Film and Television Arts suspended his membership, and the Cannes Film Festival denounced him.
In our podcast “The Daily,” the actress Katherine Kendall, above, talks about what happened to her in Mr. Weinstein’s apartment in 1993.
• Apple, Google and other tech giants are pushing deeper into cultural industries, but “they do not quite understand, and haven’t yet begun to master, how to translate their technological power into wider cultural power,” our tech columnist writes.
• “Europe’s got too many airlines.” That was one analyst’s take on why weaker carriers have succumbed to intense competition, leaving hundreds of thousands of passengers stranded in recent months.
• Some East Africans say they’re being punished by the U.S. for imposing tariffs on foreign, secondhand clothing they no longer want.
• Coach, the American fashion group, is rebranding itself as Tapestry Inc.
• Here’s a snapshot of global markets.
In the News
• “They threw my baby into a fire — they just flung him,” a Rohingya refugee told our correspondents documenting a horrific campaign of slaughter and rape being carried out by Myanmar’s military. [The New York Times]
• In Belfast, a new housing project was meant to become a foundation stone for a post-sectarian society in Northern Ireland. But at least three Catholic families have fled it after a threat. [The New York Times]
• President Trump is coming under mounting pressure from European allies, fellow Republicans and even the hawkish former Israeli leader Ehud Barak to preserve the Iran nuclear deal. [The New York Times]
• José Sócrates, the former prime minister of Portugal, has been indicted on corruption charges. [Reuters]
• In an Op-Ed, one of our editors looks at why Eminem’s anti-Trump rap has had such an impact: Many of the artist’s fans had voted for the president. [The New York Times]
• Anxiety has overtaken depression as the most common reason American college students seek counseling. Parents and schools are struggling to figure out how to help. [The New York Times]
• A court in South Africa is expected to rule today on whether the death of the anti-apartheid activist Ahmed Timol, who fell from the 10th floor of a notorious police station in 1971, was a regime killing. [Independent Online]
Tips, both new and old, for a more fulfilling life.
• Good taste doesn’t require formal training or growing up in a refined environment.
• Grab a sponge. Here are five things around your home that rarely get cleaned.
• Recipe of the day: This lasagna uses spicy roasted cauliflower instead of meat.
• A Holocaust survivor tells her story in the Op-Ed video above: To save her life, she jumped off a train bound for Auschwitz. Decades later, she got a message from the father she left behind on that train.
• In memoriam: Michel Jouvet, the neurophysiologist who helped define REM sleep as a unique state of consciousness, died at 91.
• Here’s our guide to Matera, the ancient city once dubbed “the shame of Italy.” It has reinvented itself and will be 2019’s European Capital of Culture.
• In fashion, “resist the mantra of speed” could well become a new mantra. These four labels are trying to slow down their industry’s relentless pace.
The U.S. controversy over football players who kneel during the national anthem is raging on.
But an older patriotic ritual ran aground on geopolitical tensions.
That’s the Pledge of Allegiance, which was first recited in public schools on this day in 1892.
The pledge was written by Francis Bellamy, a Baptist minister and socialist, to be rolled out with a nationwide push to celebrate Columbus Day in schools. It was soon widely recognized.
Mr. Bellamy instructed that a salute be performed with the pledge: right arm extended upward, with the palm twisting up at the first mention of the flag.
When fascist regimes emerged in Italy and Germany using the extended-arm salute, Bellamy’s began to fall from favor. As one author wrote, the “similarities in the salute had begun to attract comment as early as the mid-1930s.”
On Dec. 22, 1942, Congress amended the U.S. Flag Code to instruct that the pledge “be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart” — the stance still in use today.
Charles McDermid contributed reporting.
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